Astrome is a deep-tech company developing the next generation of internet infrastructure in space using its innovative satellite communication technology with the goal of delivering internet to developing countries and over the seas. Astrome’s financial layer is blockchain enabled, allowing it to deliver its internet services faster and more efficiently and making it Web3.0 ready. Astrome is selling its internet service tokens, SpaceWave (SPW), starting from July 23rd, 2019.
How internet works
The global internet network can be classified into three segments as shown. The segment closest to the user, called the Tier-3 network, is the network owned by the local Internet Service Provider (ISP). The next segment connects multiple Tier-3 networks to each other within a region or continent. This is called Tier-2 network. The last and longest segment of the internet is the undersea optical network that connects continents. This is the Tier-1 network. Geostationary satellites also form a small part of the Tier-1 network but currently they carry less than 1% of the data traffic.
Problems with current internet
Lack of tier-2/tier-3
There is a lack of Tier-3 network infrastructure in rural and remote area. Fibre is expensive to lay costing US $3000/km in developing counties and up to US $30,000/km in developed countries.
High price of tier-1
The Tier-1 connectivity is expensive for certain continents and land-locked countries. Certain regions like Africa have very high cost of international network access resulting in high price of internet services.
Uneven distribution of servers
Most servers are located in developed countries resulting in high latency connections in developing countries. While most internet users reside in developing countries, most servers are in developed countries.
The complete constellation of 198 satellites will be launched in 3 phases. The timelines are shown. Will first launch a single demonstration satellite in Q1 of 2020. By Q4 of 2021, will launch 22 out of 198 satellites. This constellation provide regular connectivity. Launching 77 more satellites by Q2 of 2022 will create our first 24/7 internet constellation. In Q4, 2022, the full constellation of 198 satellites with 24 Tbps capacity is expected to be completed to serve the needs of the users.
Regulations and clearance
Regulatory clearance is an important aspect needed to make the constellation be accepted globally. Regulations for launching satellites exist on an international level, while the regulation for providing internet services exist at each country/region level. Astrome has filed to International Telecommunication Union for launching of more than 4000 satellites. The filing at these frequencies come under Non-Mandatory coordination and therefore, Astrome’s application has reached the highest stage of publication – API/B.
Uniqueness of the technology
Operating in higher frequency allows us form very compact integrated-antenna transceiver units that can deployed on micro-satellites. With innovation in smart antenna technology (hardware and software) will be forming 400 to 1000 very narrow beams at a time to achieve very high throughput on satellites. Each beam has 500 Mbps symmetric (uplink + downlink) data throughput and can be individually configured. This payload technology is also supported by innovative network and satellite bus design.
Many a times, the Direct to Home Television (DTH-TV) link breaks when it rains a lot. That is primarily a result of rain and cloud absorbing the signal leading to loss of connectivity. Though rain has an effect on SpaceNet signal as well, are able to compensate for the loss. can achieve this because During each pass, users can expect connectivity for 3 minutes during which 72 GB of data can be uploaded and downloaded simultaneously. This constellation requires an investment of e150 million and will be completed by Q4, 2021.
Benefits to users
As a result of this pathbreaking technology the cost of our satellite infrastructure, calculated for each Mbps capacity created, 13 is at least 8 times lower than of others like Starlink, OneWeb, and Telesat.
• Cheaper data plans.
• Higher bandwidth available per user – up to 500 Mbps symmetric capacity.
• Compact user terminal.
• Quick setup due to automation (smart antenna technology).
• User terminals that work even on moving platforms.
Dr Neha Satak CEO & Co-founder
Dr Prasad Hl Bhat CTO, Chairman & Co-founder
Dr Arvind Iyer Director of Satellite Engineering, Astrome
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